Detection of Fraudulent Financial Statement based on Ratio Analysis in Indonesia Banking using Support Vector Machine


  • Yuliant Sibaroni Faculty of Informatics, Telkom University, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Novario Ekaputra Faculty of Informatics, Telkom University, Indonesia
  • Sri Suryani Prasetiyowati Faculty of Informatics, Telkom University, Indonesia



Classification, Feature, Financial Ratio, Fraudulent, Ratio Analysis


This study proposes the use of ratio analysis-based features combined with the SVM classifier to identify fraudulent financial statements. The detection method used in this study applies a data mining classification approach. This method is expected to replace the expert in forensic accounting in identifying fraudulent financial statements that are usually done manually. The experimental results show that the proposed classifier model and ratio analysis-based features provide more than 90% accuracy results where the optimal number of features based on ratio analysis is 5 features, namely Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), (ANPB) to total earning assets and non-earning assets (ANP), Impairment provision on earning assets (CKPN) to earning assets, Return on Asset (ROA), and Return on Equity (ROE). The contribution of the study is to complement the research of fraudulent financial statements detection where the classifier method used here is different compare to other research. The selection of banking cases in Indonesia is also unique in this research which distinguishes it from other research because the financial reporting standards in each country can be different. 

Author Biography

Yuliant Sibaroni, Faculty of Informatics, Telkom University

Dosen di Fakultas Informatika , Telkom University lulusan dari UGM (S1), ITB(S2) dan  STEI-ITB (S3-2020) dg bidang Text Mining (Classification, Information extraction)


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